An eye exam is about more than just updating your prescription. It’s also a powerful tool to help detect a wide range of different eye diseases and diabetes-related vision issues. Early detection and treatment are important, and your optometrist can help preserve your long-term vision with regular eye exams.
A comprehensive diabetic eye exam can help detect diabetes early, sometimes even before symptoms begin to show themselves.
Let’s explore how an eye exam can help detect diabetes and other eye disease issues, and what to expect during the exam.
Diabetes & Your Vision
Diabetes is a systemic condition that affects not only your blood sugar but your vision as well. Diabetes is a widespread condition—in fact, over 100 million Americans are living with diabetes or a pre-diabetes diagnosis.
Diabetes can raise your blood sugar level to a point where it can cause complications with your heart, teeth, and eyes. Consistent eye exams can help catch diabetes even before the earliest symptoms develop.
Diabetic retinopathy is one of the most common eye diseases associated with diabetes and is the most common cause of preventable blindness in the United States.
Diabetic retinopathy occurs when the blood vessels in the retina are damaged by a buildup of excess sugar in your blood, resulting in too much glucose in your eyes, damaging blood vessels and progressively blocking blood flow.
- Fluctuating vision
- Blurry vision
- Spots or floaters in your vision
- Vision loss
Diabetic Macular Edema
Diabetic macular edema can form if you leave diabetic retinopathy untreated. This condition occurs when blood vessels behind your retina bulge or leak, placing pressure on your macula cells and possibly leading to permanent vision loss.
Open-angle glaucoma occurs when small blockages form in your eye’s drainage canal. These blockages prevent intraocular fluids from leaving your eye, resulting in increased intraocular eye pressure leading to permanent vision loss.
Cataracts occur when the naturally clear lens of your eye becomes clouded. Cataracts can form because of excess blood sugar caused by diabetes.
Diagnostic Tools for Your Visual Needs
Regular eye exams are important for early detection, but how does the process work? Your optometrist uses diagnostic tools to explore the details of your eyes to find irregularities and potential issues related to diabetes and eye disease.
Optos Optomap Imaging
Ocular Coherence Tomography (OCT)
OCT is another imaging system that assesses the health of your retinas. An OCT scan functions similarly to an ultrasound, but instead of sound, it uses light waves to capture detailed, cross-sectional images of your retina.
Preserving Your Eye Health
Diabetes is a challenging condition to navigate and can affect your vision if left unchecked. Regular eye exams can help your eye doctor stay up-to-date with your eyes and vision and consistently check for developing eye disease and diabetes-related vision issues.
Book your next eye exam with our Eye Care Center of Colorado Springs team today to stay on top of your eye health.